Foundation of the independent Czechoslovak State
Czechoslovakia, which was the predecessor to today’s independent Czech Republic and Slovakia, was itself the result of a breakaway from the Austro-Hungarian Empire which had been in existence since 1867. The Czech-speaking areas of Bohemia and Moravia had been under Austrian rule while Slovakia was part of Hungary.
Czechoslovakia was officially a country from October 1918, at the end of WW1, until January 1993 when the country officially – and peacefully – split.
Despite a history of less than a century, it was a turbulent time with the Czech Republic involved in many of the calamitous and tragic events that befell Central and Eastern Europe during the 1900’s
October 28th National Holiday
October 28th is now a national holiday, with a much-welcomed day off of school and work allowing for some celebration.
In an official capacity, members of the government gather to lay flowers on the grave of President Masaryk in a mark of respect and then the president will give out awards to people that have contributed to civic life in the country.
With the 100th anniversary coming up in 2 years – plans are underway to celebrate with a massive military parade through the streets of Prague. Exact plans are being kept a secret, but if the 90th anniversary is anything to look to for inspiration – visitors can expect hundreds of troops, planes, tanks and other military vehicles strutting their stuff through the center of the city.