Vysehrad Castle, Prague
There’s no other place, which can claim to be as closely tied to the history of Czechs and Prague as Vyšehrad or Vysehrad Castle. According to old legends, Vyšehrad was founded by duke Krok, while searching for a safer place for his people. His servant found a massive rock above Vltava river, so he commanded them to cut down the trees and found there a fortress and village. More importantly, princess Libuše, who took the throne after Krok died, prophesied from Vyšehrad a foundation of Prague as a city, whose glory would reach the stars.
Vyšehrad was used as a seat of Czech kings until the 12th century, when they moved to Prague Castle (which was closer to Prague). When Czech kings left, Vyšehrad started fading and was waiting for its savior. Charles IV (the most famous emperor Czech ever had) wanted to highlight his descent from the Premyslids (Czech royal family – on his mother’s side) and therefore he decided to restore the glory of Vyšehrad. It was completely remodeled to become one of the most beautiful fortresses in our country. Unfortunately, during the Hussite wars, this newly-rebuilt castle was plundered and was left abandoned in ruins.
Due to its strategic position, which could play an important role in the defense of Prague, Vyšehrad was remodeled in the 17th at the command of emperor Ferdinand III and again by the French army at the end of the 18th century.
Nowadays Vyšehrad is known as a chill-out place for many locals, who enjoy walking in the calm park area of the former fortress or visiting Slavín Cemetery – a place where the most famous Czechs are buried.
Vysehrad Castle info:
Map. Ref.: 50.0645881, 14.4178214
Address: Vysehrad Castle, Prague
Official website: www.praha.vysehrad.cz