Estates Theatre, Prague
If you count yourself among the fans of the theatre and especially opera, the Estates Theatre is a building you shouldn’t miss. This beautiful classicist building was built between 1781-1783 for the aristocrat František Antonín Count Nostitz Rieneck, which is why the theatre was originally known simply as the Nostitz Theatre.
At the time when the theatre was built, its capacity was calculated to be one thousand people, but it was later was downsized to 659 seats in order to give it a more spacious, more comfortable feeling. In the very beginning, performances here were mostly German drama and Italian opera; the first Czech performance was staged in 1785.
A bright light shone on the Estates Theatre when Mozart arrived in Prague. After a terrible premiere in Vienna, where the “Wedding of Figaro” had flopped, he came to Prague with no high expectations. But locals cheered after the opera so much, that it made him dedicate the next premiere to Prague. His next opera was called Don Giovanni.
Mozart personally conducted the opera and it was a great success. On the other hand, the opera was a nightmare for the orchestra. Are you wondering why? Ask your guide, he or she can tell you more :)
In 1799 Czech Estates purchased the Nostitz theatre and it was renamed the Estates Theatre. In the 20th century, the theatre was completely renovated and one extra underground floor was added (which extends under the square behind the theatre). Estates Theatre was also one location used in the famous movie Amadeus.
Estates Theatre Info:
Address: Železná 540/11, Prague
Map. Ref: 50.0857844, 14.4233014
Official website: http://www.narodni-divadlo.cz/en/estates-theatre